About UGC- CSIR NET / The purpose of UGC CSIR net / the differences between UGC NET and CSIR NET?

About UGC

The National Testing Agency (NTA) has been entrusted by the University Grants Commission (UGC) with the task of conducting UGC-NET, which is a test to determine the eligibility of Indian nationals for ‘Assistant Professor’ and ‘Junior Research Fellowship and Assistant Professor’ in Indian universities and colleges. Until June 2018, the NET was conducted by CBSE in 84 subjects at 91 cities across the country. Thereafter from December 2018 onwards, the UGC-NET is being conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA).

Eligibility for Assistant Professorship

Awarding of Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) and/ or Eligibility for Assistant Professorship depends on the aggregate performance of the candidate in Paper-I and Paper-II of UGC-NET. The candidates qualifying only for Assistant Professorship are not to be considered for the awarding of JRF. Candidates who qualify the eligibility test for Assistant Professorship are governed by the rules and regulations for recruitment of Assistant Professor of the concerned universities/colleges/state governments, as the case may be. UGC-NET is conducted twice every year. Due to postponement of December 2021 UGC-NET in view of COVID19, the schedule of June 2022 UGC-NET has been delayed. In order to regularize the UGC-NET examination cycles, the National Testing Agency (NTA), with the concurrence of UGC, has merged both UGC-NET of December 2021 and June 2022 (merged cycles), so that they may be conducted together in CBT mode.

UGC- NET Examination in Electronics Science as well as Computer Science subjects.

UGC NET Online courses / Crack CSIR-UGC NET with India’s largest learning platform

Engineers Academy is the first online platform all over across the India, which have started this type of Course. This course cover all subjects recorded video 300+ hrs, Live Doubt session, discuss last year PYQ of UGC NET Online courses. These papers have appeared all B.Sc, M.sc, B.Tech, and M Tech as well as PhD. Student in Electronics Science and Computer Science subjects. NET has mandatory exam for Junior Research fellow (JRF) as well as Assistant Professor Post for different institutions.

NET has 2 papers, like paper 1 and paper 2. Paper 1 have 50 Questions each with 2 marks and it’s completely based on General Ability, General science, logical Reasoning, Aptitude, Information technology and science ,pedagogy, teaching skills & teaching methodology.

Paper 2 have a Technical subjects have 100 Question each with 2 marks and it’s completely core subjects like Electronics Device and Ckt., Analog Electronics, Control system, Digital Electronics & Ckt., IC Fabrication, Signal & System, Measurements and Instruments, power Electronics, Network Theory, Communications system , Microprocessor, Electromagnetic field Theory and fundamental of Computer knowledge.

Computer science have like system software and Operating system, Data base management system, Data communication and computer network, data structures and algorithms ,theory of computation and complier, programming language c, c++, Java, Discrete structures and optimization, Computer system Architecture, Computer graphics, software Engineering, Artificial intelligence total duration 3 hrs and maximum marks 300. All questions have objective type which have given four options and also said that MCQ based. There is no negative marking.

Paper have questions various type of pattern like match the following, Assertion & Reason, unseen passage, statement based problem.


The development of education in India / Journey Of education

From ancient Bharat to modern India, higher education has always occupied a place of prominence in Indian history. In ancient times, Nalanda, Taxila and Vikramsila universities were renowned seats of higher learning, attracting students not only from all over the country but from far off countries like Korea, China, Burma (now Myanmar), Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), Tibet and Nepal. Today, India manages one of the largest higher education systems in the world*.

The present system of higher education dates back to Mountstuart Elphinstone`s minutes of 1823, which stressed on the need for establishing schools for teaching English and the European sciences. Later, Lord Macaulay, in his minutes of 1835, advocated “efforts to make natives of the country thoroughly good English scholars”. Sir Charles Wood`s Dispatch of 1854, famously known as the ` Magna Carta of English Education in India`, recommended creating a properly articulated scheme of education from the primary school to the university. It sought to encourage indigenous education and planned the formulation of a coherent policy of education. Subsequently, the universities of Calcutta, Bombay (now Mumbai) and Madras were set up in 1857, followed by the University of Allahabad in 1887.

The Inter-University Board (later known as the Association of Indian Universities) was established in 1925 to promote university activities, by sharing information and cooperation in the field of education, culture, sports and allied areas.

The first attempt to formulate a national system of education in India came in 1944, with the Report of the Central Advisory Board of Education on Post War Educational Development in India, also known as the Sergeant Report. It recommended the formation of a University Grants Committee, which was formed in 1945 to oversee the work of the three Central Universities of Aligarh, Banaras and Delhi. In 1947, the Committee was entrusted with the responsibility of dealing with all the then existing Universities.

Soon after Independence, the University Education Commission was set up in 1948 under the Chairmanship of Dr. S RadhaKrishnan “to report on Indian university education and suggest improvements and extensions that might be desirable to suit the present and future needs and aspirations of the country”. It recommended that the University Grants Committee be reconstituted on the general model of the University Grants Commission of the United Kingdom with a full-time Chairman and other members to be appointed from amongst educationists of repute.

In 1952, the Union Government decided that all cases pertaining to the allocation of grants-in-aid from public funds to the Central Universities and other Universities and Institutions of higher learning might be referred to the University Grants Commission. Consequently, the University Grants Commission (UGC) was formally inaugurated by late Shri Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the then Minister of Education, Natural Resources and Scientific Research on 28 December 1953.

The UGC, however, was formally established only in November 1956 as a statutory body of the Government of India through an Act of Parliament for the coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of university education in India. In order to ensure effective region-wise coverage throughout the country, the UGC has decentralized its operations by setting up six regional centres at Pune, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Bhopal, Guwahati and Bangalore. The head office of the UGC is located at Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg in New Delhi, with two additional bureaus operating from 35, Feroze Shah Road and the South Campus of University of Delhi as well.

UGC NET Eligibility

Should have completed the post-graduation with minimum 55% (For General Category) or 50% (For Reserved Category) from the recognized university

Maximum age limit is 30 years for the JRF while there is no age limit for the lectureship (age relaxation is applicable for reserved category as per govt norms)


About the NET / Complete Information about UGC NET JRF 

The National Educational Testing Bureau of University Grants Commission (UGC) conducts National Eligibility Test (NET) to determine eligibility for lectureship and for award of Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) for Indian nationals in order to ensure minimum standards for the entrants in the teaching profession and research. The Test is conducted in Humanities (including languages), Social Sciences, Forensic Science, Environmental Sciences, Computer Science and Applications and Electronic Science.

The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) conducts the UGC-CSIR NET for other Science subjects, namely, Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Mathematical Sciences and Earth Atmospheric Ocean & Planetary Sciences jointly with the UGC. The tests are conducted twice in a year generally in the months of June and December. For candidates who desire to pursue research, the Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) is available for five years subject to fulfillment of certain conditions. UGC has allocated a number of fellowships to the universities for the candidates who qualify the test for JRF. The JRFs are awarded to the meritorious candidates from among the candidates qualifying for eligibility for lectureship in the NET. JRFs are available only to the candidates who opt for it in their application forms.

The test for Junior Research Fellowship is being conducted since 1984. The Government of India, through its notification dated 22nd July, 1988 entrusted the task of conducting the eligibility test for lectureship to UGC. Consequently, UGC conducted the first National Eligibility Test, common to both eligibility for Lectureship and Junior Research Fellowship in two parts, that is, in December 1989 and in March, 1990.


All about Council of Scientific and Industrial Research /

The Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR), known for its cutting edge R&D knowledge base in diverse S&T areas, is a contemporary R&D organization. CSIR has a dynamic network of 37 national laboratories, 39 outreach centre’s, 3 Innovation Complexes, and five units with a pan India presence. CSIR’s R&D expertise and experience are embodied in about 3460 active scientists supported by about 4350 scientific and technical personnel as of June 2021.

CSIR covers a wide spectrum of science and technology – from oceanography, geophysics, chemicals, drugs, genomics, biotechnology and nanotechnology to mining, aeronautics, instrumentation, environmental engineering and information technology. It provides significant technological intervention in many areas concerning societal efforts, which include environment, health, drinking water, food, housing, energy, and farm and non-farm sectors. Further, CSIR’s role in S&T human resource development is noteworthy

Pioneer of India’s intellectual property movement, CSIR today is strengthening its patent portfolio to carve out global niches for the country in select technology domains. CSIR filed about 225 Indian patents and 250 foreign patents per year during 2015-20. CSIR has a patent portfolio of 1,132 unique patents in force, out of which 140 patents have been commercialized. CSIR also has 2,587 in force patents granted abroad in multiple countries. Amongst its peers in publicly funded research organizations globally, CSIR is a leader in filing and securing patents worldwide.

CSIR has pursued cutting edge science and advanced knowledge frontiers. In 2019, CSIR published 5009 papers in SCI Journals with an average impact factor per paper of 3.714. CSIR has operational zed desired mechanisms to boost entrepreneurship, which could lead to enhanced creation and commercialization of radical and disruptive innovations, underpinning the development of new economic sectors.

CSIR has put in place CSIR@80: Vision & Strategy 2022 – New CSIR for New India. CSIR’s mission is “to build a new CSIR for a new India”, and CSIR’s vision is to “Pursue science which strives for global impact, the technology that enables innovation-driven industry and nurtures transdisciplinary leadership thereby catalyzing inclusive economic development for the people of India”

CSIR is ranked 37th among 1587 government institutions worldwide and is the only Indian organization among the top 100 global government institutions, according to the Scimago Institutions Ranking World Report 2021. CSIR holds the 7th rank in Asia and leads the country at the first position.

CSIR NET Eligibility

Candidate should have M.Sc. or equivalent degree/ Integrated BS-MS/BS-4 years/BE/B. Tech/B. Pharma/MBBS with at least 55% marks for General (UR)/General-EWS and OBC candidates and 50% for SC/ST, Persons with Disability (PwD) candidates.

Maximum age limit is 28 years for the JRF while there is no upper age limit for Lectureship (LS)/ Assistant Professorship (age relaxation is applicable for reserved category as per govt norms)

All about JRF / Top ways to prepare for JRF Exam

The JRF or JRF Junior Research Fellow is a letter awarded by the University Grants Commission (UGC) to the candidates who qualify in the National Eligibility Test securing marks equal/higher than the set cut off for JRF in the particular subject in which the candidate has given UGC NET Exam. JRF letter is a bearer document that signifies you can avail of the scholarship while pursuing M.Phil./Ph.D. However, the candidate must note that qualifying UGC NET JRF does not bestow a fellowship upon the . The target of the JRF conspire is to give chances to NET-JRF qualified students to go for advanced studies and examination prompting M.Phil./Ph.D. Certificates in Electronics Science and Computer Sciences including Languages and others.

Advantages of JRF

1. If a candidate enrolls for M.Phil./Ph.D. in any Indian University/College after clearing JRF then the candidate gets a monthly scholarship for 5 years from UGC which is Rs. 31,000. This is good financial support for candidates who wish to pursue research work without taking up any job.

2. Whenever a candidate goes for the recruitment process of Assistant Professor or Lecturer as well as when he/she applies for M.Phil. / Ph.D. in any Indian University / College, the candidate who has cleared the JRF is always given preference over the candidate who has only cleared NET.

3. There are a lot of institutes/colleges in India that do not even take entrance tests of candidates with a JRF. This means if a candidate has applied for M.Phil./Ph.D. He/she will be exempted from taking the entrance test if the candidate has JRF. For example, if we talk about IIMs and IITs, if a candidate has applied there for M.Phil./Ph.D. and he/she has JRF, then he/she will not have to give the entrance test and can directly sit for the interview. An important point to note here is that this system varies from Institute to Institute.

4. Fourth and the most important benefit of JRF is that whenever a candidate is applying for permanent recruitment as an Assistant Professor in any Indian University/College, then his/her API (Academic Performance Indicator) is calculated. API score is calculated by cumulating the points of your Graduation, Post-Graduation, Ph.D., M.Phil. Research Publication, Teaching Experience, etc. API helps Institutes/Colleges to shortlist candidates for permanent recruitment as an Assistant Professor. Now, if the candidate has cleared NET then he/she is awarded 5 points in his/her API whereas if the candidate has cleared JRF then he/she is awarded 7 points. So, clearly, clearing JRF has an added advantage of 2 points which boosts the candidate’s API score over other candidates


B.Sc Electronics is a 3-year specialized course for students who are seeking to get an undergraduate degree in the fundamentals of electronics. For students who choose to pursue the course from a distance, the duration varies from a minimum of three years to a maximum of six years.

BSc Electronics syllabus includes several specialized subjects like Analog electronics, Data structure, electromagnetic, etc., which the students have to study during this course.

Students who have successfully completed their higher secondary degree from a recognized board of education are eligible for the B.Sc Electronics admissions. However, the eligibility might change depending upon the institution

Some of the institutions only accept students having a minimum of 50% in their higher secondary level. These students must have studied Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics in their 10+2 qualifying exam.


Master of Science in Electronics, abbreviated as MSc Electronics, is a 2-years postgraduate program in the stream of Electronics. The course is designed to help students build in problem solving abilities, expertise in designing and operation of electronic systems.

MSc Electronics comprises subjects like physics, engineering, technology and applications that deal with the emission, flow and control of electrons in vacuum and matter.

The eligibility for MSc. Electronics is a graduation degree with Physics, Computer Science, or Electronics as compulsory subjects or a B.Tech degree in a relevant stream with minimum 50 aggregate marks.

The top recruiters of these courses are Hovels, Crompton Greaves, Legrand, Philips, etc. The MSc Electronics job roles are Maintenance Manager- Electricals/ Electronics, Purchase Manager Electricals, Technician Trainee, Data Scientist, Teacher, etc.

The average annual salary differs according to their academic performance, work experience and job position held by the candidate. The average salary can be anywhere between 2 LPA to 10 LPA.

MSc Electronics is a program that integrates the understanding and creation of modern electronic designs and systems.

Candidates are provided with training in research tools and techniques in order to develop an orientation towards research .MSc Electronics begins with the foundation concepts of core electronics and allied fields and the second year will be geared towards fostering independent research. Many universities also offer integrated courses which are of duration 5 years which covers both MSc and PhD programs.

Major subjects dealt in MSc electronics are:

1. Circuit Design
2. Microelectronic Devices
3. Communication Electronics
4. Mobile Technologies
5. Bioelectronics
6. Digital Signal Processing, etc.
7. The course comprises both theoretical and practical subjects like devices, circuits and simulation lab Integrated Circuit and Communication Lab, Microprocessor and Digital Electronics Lab for better understanding and practical experience.
8. It is also mandatory for the students to complete summer internship training at the end of the second semester for more efficiency.
9. It is also mandatory for the students to build a project related to the field of electronics at the end of the fourth semester.